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A Guide to Tabas

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Tabas and Its Attractions

Tabas is a city in the western part of South Khorasan province, which was known as one of the cities of Yazd province before 2012. Also before 2001, Tabas was part of Greater Khorasan Province. It is interesting to know that this city was known as “Tabas Golshan” in the past. Tabas is about 365 km away from Yazd. In addition, the distance from Tabas to Mashhad is 540 km.

Although many souvenirs and sights are waiting for people who choose Tabas for travel, more than anything, desert tourism is flourishing in this city and everyone knows Tabas as the bride of the Iranian desert. For this reason, in the following, we want to introduce the spectacular attractions of Tabas, so that if you are planning for Nowruz trips, consider Tabas as one of the options.

The Best Sites of Tabas

1. Golshan Garden

Before introducing the desert and desert areas of Tabas, let us go to one of its most famous and different attractions, namely Golshan Garden. This large garden was built by order of the third ruler of Tabas, Amir Hassan Khan, and the lushness and high diversity of plant species in it is the first thing that will surprise you when you visit it! Here you can find a variety of ornamental plants and palm trees, sycamore, pine, orange, grape, orange, and together. The constant flow of water in this garden is also very interesting due to the hot weather in Tabas.

Golshan Garden is the only Iranian garden with a rectangular design and many people refer to it as one of the most beautiful gardens in Iran. This garden is located on Imam Khomeini Boulevard and near Pelican Square and is also known as the symbol of Tabas city.

2. Shah Abbasi Arch Dam

One of the historical sights of Tabas is the Shah Abbas Arch with a height of 60 meters and a width of one meter. The nearest village is about 25 km away from Tabas city, and to visit the Shah Abbasi arch, you must pass the Morteza Ali hot spring, which we will introduce at the end of this article; This means that along the way, fascinating sights will be waiting for you.

Shah Abbasi Dam is the largest and oldest arched dam in the world, which was built about 700 years ago and its special architecture has shown the high ability of Iranian architects to build this huge structure. Some also refer to the Shah Abbasi Dam as “the thinnest dam in the world.” In the past, this dam was used to control the water entering the city.

3. Caravanserai Khan

On the old road from Tabas to Yazd and after passing the Kalmard caravanserai, a village called “Robat Khan” hosts the beautiful Khan caravanserai. This square and very beautiful mansion, which is one of the most spectacular historical monuments in Tabas, is one of the beautiful examples of architecture in the Safavid era. Undoubtedly, watching the windbreak complex and the royal dome up close for those who are interested in architecture and history and the brickwork that is intended to decorate the royal part, will create a different memory of your trip to Tabas.

4. Hader-Bash Tower

Walking among the large and beautiful groves of Tabas is one of the unrepeatable pastimes of many tourists who choose this desert city to travel. Due to the high importance of these groves, tall towers called “Hadar Bash” have been built in the past to protect the groves from thieves as well as wild animals. “Hader” in Yazdi dialect means “care and care” and in many groves of Tabas can be found the remains of these dome-shaped towers.

5. Ismaili Castle

There was talk of care and attention, it is not bad to mention the Ismaili fortress. This fort is located on a mountain called “Bagh Salimeh” near the village of Kharavan and with its four large reservoirs have been used in many cases to collect water. The architecture of this monument is so good that after several years, one of the reservoirs is very intact and can be visited.

6. Tabas Castle

During the Ismaili rule and before them, many small and large fortresses were built in the place of Tabas, one of the most famous of which is known as “Tabas Castle”. This strong fort, whose unique design indicates that it was built during the pre-Islamic period, is built on a mountain slope with a very gentle slope and is very large compared to similar forts in this area.

7. Imamzadeh Hussein bin Musa bin Kazem (AS)

One of the holy and historical places in Tabas is the shrine of Imamzadeh Hussein Ibn Musa Ibn Kazem (AS), which has a special place among the people of this city. Historians consider him the son of Imam Musa Kazem (AS) and the brother of Imam Reza (AS).

The name of this building was registered in 1318 in the list of national monuments of Iran. Unfortunately, the main building of this holy tomb was completely destroyed in the earthquake of 1978, and after that, Astan Quds Razavi rebuilt it.

8. Kal Jenni Valley

If you are interested in tourism and geography, you must have heard the name “Cal Jenny”. “Kal” means “valley” in the local dialect, and because the locals believe that this valley is a place where jinns and ghosts go at night, it is called “Kal Jenni”.

This large and different valley, which is located 35 km from Tabas city and near the village of Azmighan and is visited by many people from inside and outside the country every year, has been created as a result of erosion over the years and in some parts, stone walls. The valleys are so close together that the sky cannot be seen. Another interesting case is the existence of numerous caves and tunnels in the walls of the valley, which, according to experts, dating back to the Zoroastrian and Sassanid eras.

9. Kal Dar Sardar Valley

If you want to visit Tabas, one of the most famous sights of this city, be sure to visit “Kal Dar Sardar”. Kal-e-Sardar valley is located in the plain of the same name and the interesting thing about it is that the valley is invisible from a distance.

Let us put it this way: Imagine that you are walking on the plain of Sardar and after walking a smooth path, you suddenly find yourself in front of amazing valleys whose beauties are endless! Of course, this route is not very long, and during the walk, you can see several historical dams dating back 600 years, as well as hot and cold springs.

10. Tabas Citadel

“Tabas Citadel” is another wonder of the bride of the desert cities of Iran, which dates back to a thousand years and even after the devastating earthquake that occurred years ago. However, the earthquake of 1957 caused irreparable damage, including the destruction of some major parts of the Tabas citadel.

This historical monument, which is also introduced in some historical books with letters such as “Old Citadel” and “Ancient Fortress”, is located on Vaez Tabasi Street and hosts historians from different cities of Iran every day.

11. Halvan Cave

If you enjoy seeing old places, be sure to visit Halvan Cave on your trip to Tabas. This large cave is located 75 km northeast of Tabas in a village of the same name and its rocks date back to 160 million years ago, the Middle Jurassic period.

The discovery of the remains of some birds, camels, and sheep in this area could be a sign that the cave is a refuge for wild animals in the distant past.

12. The Halvan Desert

It is better to talk a little about the most important attraction of Tabas, namely, it is the desert! It is because of this desert and desert tourism that many people choose Tabas for travel. If you are in the same category and walking on hot and soft sands, of course, is the most enjoyable thing in the world for you, do not forget to visit the Halvan desert.

This vast desert is located 90 km northeast of Tabas and near the village of Halvan, where you can find various plant species. Watching the sunset on the hills of the Halvan desert will be a unique memory for you.

13. Tabas Salt River (Kal Tabas)

Another place of interest in Tabas is its salt river or “Kal Tabas”, an example of which can be found in a few places. This special phenomenon, which is located 20 km northwest of Tabas city and 8 km from Mohammadabad village, depicts different manifestations of Tabas nature.

In the Tabas salt river, it works as far as the eye can see. It is interesting to know that before using iodized salts, Cal Tabas salt was found on the tables of the people of this city. Due to the desert nature of this region, we recommend that you choose one of the autumn or winter seasons to visit Cal Tabas.

14. Sno Forest

If you think that no forest can be found in the desert environment and hot weather of Tabas, you are sorely mistaken! The sno forest is located 24 km away from this city and its mountainous areas and with 800 different plant species, it is one of the most popular places in Tabas.

Due to the lack of water in this area, there are no green and colorful plants, but trees such as turmeric, vines, and wild spinach prevent sandstorms.

15. Cheshmeh Morteza Ali

Undoubtedly, one of the most pleasant and best places to see in Tabas is Morteza Ali spring. This beautiful spring is located in the middle of a valley with high walls and tourists can reach the spring after walking on a very attractive route.

The important point about Morteza Ali spring is the existence of both hot and cold water next to each other! in fact; The water that flows from the springs adjacent to the main river of the village is hot and cold, and this sometimes causes the water temperature in two different parts of the river to differ by 10 degrees or even more.

Access to Morteza Ali spring is very easy: first, you have to enter Moallem Boulevard and take the Khoro road; Then, after passing Khuro village, you can reach Morteza Ali spring.

16. The Village of Ezmeyghan

It is better to talk a little about the green areas of Tabas! 40 km east of Tabas city, a village called Ezmeyghan can be found where there is a constant flow of water and in its lush paddy fields, the fragrant rice “Champa” is cultivated.

The population of this village is not large, but many sights await tourists who visit this village. In this area, probably nothing is more appealing to people than the combination of northern green paddy fields with southern groves.

17. Esfahak village

Introducing the sights of Tabas without mentioning the village of Isfahan is not kind! Esfahak is the name of one of the oldest villages of Tabas, which is about 40 km away from this city and is located near Dihuk village.

Although South Khorasan is a desert province, but this village is known for its very good climate and the special structure of its houses. An earthquake in 1957 devastated the village, prompting people to build wooden houses for temporary living together before construction began on the new village next to the ruins of the previous village. In addition, in this village, there are several aqueducts and freshwater wells that receive guests on hot summer days.

18. Nayband Village

If the things we have introduced so far have not yet convinced you to travel to Tabas, the village of Nayband will probably change your mind. Usually, you have to look for steppe villages at the foot of the mountains, but Nayband village is located in the heart of the desert and surprises you with its attractive architecture. You ask why? Because right next to the hot sands of this desert, there is a large and beautiful grove to form a beautiful paradox in front of your eyes. It is worth mentioning that Nayband village is about 225 km away from Tabas city.

19. Naybandan Wildlife Sanctuary

We conclude the list of Tabas sights by introducing Iran’s largest protected area, the Naybandan Wildlife Sanctuary. The 1.4 million-hectare sanctuary is a safe haven for many animals, including cheetahs, and along with various species of animals such as the sand cat, king fox (the rarest fox species in Iran) and Jabir (a small gazelle), more than 177 plant species. It can also be found in it.

Other places of interest in Tabas

If you have enough time to explore during your trip to South Khorasan, it is better to know that the sights of Tabas do not end only with the cases mentioned above. The well of Ghare Jahanam (or Hell’s Cave!), which is estimated to be about 50 million years old, Pir Hajat village, Chehel-payeh village, Kurit Dam, Roh Marghum desert, and the tomb of Sheikh Abu Nasr Iravei are other important places in Tabas that you can visit in your travel plans.

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