Like most other places in Iran Boshrooyeh otherwise spelled as Boshruyeh, is located in a region with a long history and many historical sites to visit, the area around the city of Boshrooyeh is home to a number of still-standing historic structures that date back to the ancient era. The Most famous site and a must-visit if you are a history buff is Qaleyeh Dokhtar or “The Maiden Castle” situated on top of a mountain to the west of the city. This enormous, historic structure is said to have been built or rebuilt by the Parthian King Ardashir after his conquest of the region around 200 AD. The name of the Stronghold indicates a relation or dedication to the great Pre-Islamic goddess Anahita, sometimes referred to as the maiden.
Boshrooyeh Desert itself is one of the most beautiful deserts in Iran. This fantastic desert is situated in the eastern part of a city called Boshrooyeh, which is one of the natural attractions of best Iran tours packages of the South Khorasan province. It is said that this desert has many secrets that it tells only to the good and well-intentioned people. Therefore, every year many tourists go to Boshrooyeh to discover its beauty and experience and enjoy different moments. Undoubtedly, you will also be delighted when you visit the Boshrooyeh desert with its untouched and natural attractions, and you will create memorable moments for yourself.
Familiarity With Boshrooyeh Desert
Boshrooyeh desert is one of the most expansive deserts in Iran, which borders Boshrooyeh salt desert, Kalshur river, and Kashmar city. In the eastern part of this desert, there are many salt fields, which can be seen between different hills. For those interested in desert trekking, the Boshrooyeh desert is a very suitable option for travel because this desert will surprise all tourists with its enchanting beauty. In order to explore all the desert areas, two days are enough, but if you have limited time, you can visit its gorgeous areas in one day. We recommend that you never travel alone to the Boshrooyeh desert. Especially if you are not familiar with the area, and that may lead to you getting lost. From the very beginning of entering the Boshrooyeh desert, hills of different heights stand out, the size of the highest elevation is approximately 70 meters.
Where is the Boshrooyeh Desert?
As it was said, the Boshrooyeh desert is located in the eastern part of Boshrooyeh city in South Khorasan province. Residents of South Khorasan can easily travel to this fantastic desert by driving for a few hours, and on the way, in addition to the beauty of the desert, they can also visit the attractions around the desert. Since this desert borders with the city of Kashmar, the residents of Kashmar have easier access to this beautiful desert. Boshrooyeh city is one of the historical cities of South Khorasan province with a pre-Islamic age, which has many natural and historical attractions, and Boshrooyeh desert is one of the most popular attractions of this city, which annually attracts many tourists from inside and outside the country. They visit the area. Therefore, when you visit the Boshrooyeh desert, you can also see other attractions of this city, such as Mostofi House, Kianizadeh Mansion, etc., and experience a unique journey.
How to Get to Boshrooyeh Desert?
In order to access the Boshrooyeh desert, it is necessary to go to the city of Kashmar or Boshrooyeh first. This desert is about 20 kilometers away from the center of Boshrooyeh city. In general, there are different routes to reach this desert that you follow any of them as you wish. You can move eastward after reaching Boshrooyeh city to reach Ningan village and Ghani Abad. After that, continue the route to the east until you reach the salt marsh and Boshrooyeh desert.
Vegetation of Boshrooyeh Desert
It is interesting to know that one of the most important reasons for the unique beauty of the Boshrooyeh desert compared to other deserts is the presence of scattered salt fields in the distance between the hills of its eastern part. You can drive south to the center of the desert to see the sand dunes. The diversity of the appearance of this desert has caused you to see a variety of flora and fauna in the Boshrooyeh desert. In general, the northern part of the desert has a cool climate, and more rains occur in this region, and this has caused the vegetation of this region to be very different from other regions of the desert. The foliage of this area is denser and more than the south of the desert, and plants such as Calligonum grow in the sands. In addition, different bush plants also grow in the Boshrooyeh desert, which has multiplied the beauty of the desert. In this desert, medicinal plants such as the broadleaf plantain, black cumin, asafoetida, and tragacanth also grow, which have many properties. It is interesting to know that there is almost no vegetation in the center of this desert.
Animal Cover of Boshrooyeh Desert
The animal cover of the Boshrooyeh desert is almost the same as other deserts of Iran, which are scattered in different parts of it. Types of snakes such as camel snakes, horned vipers, arrow snakes, parsley snakes, all kinds of hunting birds such as falcons, and animals such as pumswaaki, jackal, agama, desert sargepe, jackal, wolf, sand cat, and fox are among the most significant fauna of this desert. Boshrooyeh desert is a wonderful place for professional documentaries and photographers. vegetation and
The animals, together with the appearance of the Boshrooyeh desert, have created amazing and wonderful scenes in this desert. We recommend that you ask a local guide to accompany you in order to visit the wildlife and animal species of this desert. Also, do not try to visit the environment of these animals alone because you may be in danger.
The Climate of the Boshrooyeh Desert
In general, the climate of the Boshrooyeh desert is desert and dry like other deserts. In the high areas of the desert, the weather is completely cold and dry, and in the lowlands, the weather is hot and dry. So far, the maximum temperature of this desert has been reported as 49 degrees celsius and its minimum temperature as 27 degrees below zero. Note that the climate of the desert changes entirely during the day and night, and you will usually feel more heat in the central part of the desert. The air in the Boshrooyeh desert is sweltering during the day, but the more you move to the north of this area, you will notice that the air heat decreases. In general, the heat of the desert reaches its peak in the afternoon, and as the night approaches, the air becomes cold. Sometimes the desert weather becomes very cold, and you may need a blanket and the warmth of the fire.
The Best Time to Travel to Boshrooyeh Desert
Like other deserts, the best time to travel to the Boshrooyeh desert is during the cold seasons of the year. At the beginning of December, less heat prevails in the desert, and the angle of the sun’s radiation reaches its mildest state. Early spring is also an excellent time to travel to Boshrooyeh desert and desert climbing. But we recommend that you don’t worry about traveling to this desert in other seasons because the heat of the desert is unbearable.
Rivers Around the Boshrooyeh Desert
The average annual rainfall in the surrounding areas of the desert and Boshrooyeh valleys is approximately 150 mm. The rivers in this region are among the seasonal rivers of Iran. This means that the rivers of this region are formed only during the rains. There are five rivers around the Boshrooyeh desert, which we will mention below.
Kalshur River: This river from Ferdous city first moves towards Boshrooyeh plain and then flows into Boshrooyeh salt desert.
Qala River: This river moves from the southeastern highlands and finally reaches the Boshrooyeh desert.
Fathabad River: This river starts from the heights of Mount Jamal and reaches the Boshrooyeh Plain.
Ris River: This river starts from the southern heights of the Boshrooyeh Desert, and at the intersection with the Waghi River, it creates the Kal Namak River.
Kal Esenak River: This river also moves from the heights of Gharanjiri and meets the Kal Namak River.
Natural Resources and Villages Around the Boshrooyeh Desert
As it was said, the Boshrooyeh desert is among the most colossal deserts of Iran, which consists of many high and low areas. Nignan and Ghani Abad villages are located in the western part of the Boshrooyeh desert; you can also visit these villages and walk in their orchards and enjoy the greenery of agricultural lands. The income of the people of this village is through agriculture, and they irrigate their agricultural lands with underground sources and well water. Pistachio, cotton, barley, and wheat are among the important products of these villages, which have been cultivated in these lands since ancient times.
It is interesting to know that the soil of the Boshrooyeh desert is alkaline clay, which is almost puffy and prominent, and the reason for the puffiness of the soil is the presence of expandable clays in the desert. The central part of the desert is also covered with wet clay soil, which forms the salt of the desert, sodium, and magnesium sulfate. Since these elements are used in many industries, they are extracted. Unfortunately, if the extraction continues in this way, the desert cover will be destroyed, and it will become one of the environmental problems.
Tips for Traveling to Boshrooyeh Desert
Be sure to bring a travel blanket for the cold nights and water for the scorching and hot days of the desert. Make sure to wear light, comfortable and covered shoes. To take care of your skin and eyes, be sure to wear a hat with a mask, sunscreen, and sunglasses. To explore the desert, bring a GPS with you. If you don’t have a GPS, get help from a local guide because getting lost in the desert can happen to anyone and puts tourists at risk.
If you are interested in visiting the desert of Iran make sure to also check out our 2-Day Maranjab Desert & Kashan Tour where we explore vast desert lands and flower fields.